Java is one of the more popular languages used in programming. Java has been around since the mid-1990s and is one of the more simple to learn computer languages. Java was developed by Sun Microsystems as an open-source software project and is one of the most well-designed languages for a reason. Java is a highly configurable, object-oriented, class-based programming language designed to have few implementation dependencies on other languages. The primary goal of Sun was to provide a high-level programming language with no required structural baggage, which has led to Java being one of the easiest to use programming languages on the market.
Java can be thought of as the language of choice for developing web applications since it is cross-platform, meaning that it can be used in conjunction with other languages. This means that, contrary to popular belief, what you see in a web browser isn’t necessarily what the browser sees. Instead, what’s visible is the Java code behind the scenes. This web-programming language supports the development of Java applets, which are small applications used to demonstrate basic features of Java without having to deal with the Java compiler.
Several Java development tools can help you build up your project. The Java SE platform, or Sun’s Java platform, is the foundation upon which Java apps are built. There are two types of Java development tools: the regular Java development tool (java code) and the Java plugin (plugins). The plugin is what you use to “plugin” various components of the Java language into your program. For example, the Java plugin can wrap several standard Java classes into a uniform interface so that they can be reused throughout your application.
Another important feature of Java is that it doesn’t have any type-casting capabilities, so programmers don’t need to worry about casting variable types to compatible code from other sources. Many Java programmers consider this feature a must-have because it allows them to move away from the “code is law” mindset. Java can also compile and run on the Sun Mobile Platform and on several mobile devices such as Blackberry, PDA, smartphones, and the iPhone.
A Java applet is simply a graphical interface, written in Java code, that lets the programmer create output for their Java application without using reflection. The Java applet language makes it easy for you to create graphical user interfaces that behave like an actual program. Java applets can be written in C/C++ or Java. In fact, the latest versions of both languages can be used to create Java applets.
On the other hand, the Java servlet is a component of the Java platform that allows clients to send and receive requests via an intermediary Servlet. The Servlet also serves as a gateway to the Java database. The main advantage of servlets is portability. They are easy to start up and install. They allow you to easily change the behavior of your application without modifying your server code. On the other hand, servlets are not thread-safe and are pretty weak in the memory space, leading to the premature end of resources when used frequently. There are quite a few other differences between Servlets and JavaFX. Still, in essence, they work pretty much alike, and both are highly flexible.