How to Perform an Active Directory Security Audit: IT personnel responsible for managing IT infrastructures that operate on Microsoft’s Windows Server platform are well aware that an Active Directory Security Audit is to be performed on a regular basis as a part of their regular preventive maintenance operations. This is to ensure that all threats and risks to organizational security are greatly reduced.
The primary objective of performing an Active Directory Security Audit is to maintain the integrity of the Windows Enterprise, which is mission-critical for organizations. The Audit is also designed to identify any unauthorized access to, or auditing of, sensitive networked data and whether any unauthorized changes have been made to, the Windows Enterprise.
Any IT department, large or small, can benefit from the audit, either to increase the security of the organization by identifying security risks prior to a crisis, or to clean up after a crisis, by showing where the organization’s security principles are vulnerable. The audit allows the IT department to balance preventive measures, risk assessment, individual user authentication, and business requirements against the risk of unauthorized access to, or auditing of, sensitive networked data.
The Windows Enterpriseyards auditing program improves business services by identifying vulnerabilities in the Windows operating system and properties, from which a malicious intruder can gain access to the network. Active Directory is the most frequently used Integrated Security Environment for many organizations. This is a highly secure and complex application, and the audit serves to increase the security suitability of the Windows Enterprise Administrative Setting.
The audits conducted by IT security auditors use automated tools to collect reports and audits. These automated audit forms take all the typically required steps, such as gathering user logon credentials and checking the effective access for control with the Windows EnterpriseSecurity Auditing database. The audit also gathers automatically alerted information on password security, Active Directory security, and internet security.
IT auditors use the audit to assist in the process of ability to Firewall ports, operating system patches, Active Directory security, internet security, and Intranet security. As an example, the audit looks for a firewall port that has been blocked by a policy, and which has therefore disabled all programs from the Internet. This port is usually blocked by a firewall but is accessible through the EasyPort, a free port scanner that can be downloaded from off Web sites.
How to Perform an Active Directory Security Audit
IT auditors use the audit to assist in the process of unlocks preventing unauthorized access to sensitive computer systems and checking the success of the logon process. The audit is also useful in working with computer users by generating a rollback to a previous point in time so that users can reset their passwords and access their systems again.
Different types of audits are used by different professionals in different fields of activity. For example, the audit records for a developer are very different from those used by a network support technician. A developer needs to ensure the total security of the code and the operating system, while the network support technician needs a different set of audit records for systems management and support.
The first Windows audit records after the client-server system have been shut down precisely because it is the most vulnerable layer in the OS.secondly, to ensure the confidentiality of the data that is transmitted on the network.
The basic information that is transmitted includes the time, date, identity of the user, and the incoming and outgoing server information, as well as the client computer’s IP address and the time stamp.
The main reason for creating the audit is to check whether there is unauthorized access to data and to record evidence of compliance with access policies. Those who will be signing off the audit must sign off with a signed certificate that can be trusted to authenticate the signer’s identity.
Additionally, the signer’s identity and the method for collecting credentials and authentication should be authenticated to ensure that the signer is who he or she claims to be, especially if the signer assistance fraud or malicious access to the system.